Chronology of Significant Terrorist Incidents, 1994
From: Patterns of Global Terrorism. United States Department of
State Publication 10321
The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) claimed responsibility for two
mail bombs sent to Sinn Fein's Dublin offices.
Iranian state agents are believed responsible for the assassination of
a member of the Iranian KDP Central Committee in Corum.
An armed attack was carried out against the British Embassy in
Tehran. No one was injured, and no one has claimed responsibility
for the attack.
A bomb detonated in front of the NATO Defense College building
in Rome. That evening, copies of an eight-page Red Brigades
bulletin, claiming responsibility on behalf of the "Combatant
Communist Nuclei" (NCC), were found in several provinces.
A suspected Sendero Luminoso (SL) satchel bomb exploded in
front of the Peruvian-Japanese cultural center in Lima, causing
minimal damage to the structure.
Suspected members of the National Liberation Army (ELN)
kidnapped US citizen Russell Vacek, his wife Elizabeth, and other
family members as they were traveling in El Playon.
A Jordanian diplomat was shot and killed outside his home in
Beirut. The Government of Lebanon arrested and prosecuted ANO
terrorists for the attack.
Several bombs exploded inside railcars, killing five persons and
injuring several others at the Baku train station.
A bomb detonated at the German Goethe (culture) Institute in
Athens. A local newspaper received a warning a half hour before
the detonation from the Revolutionary People's Struggle (ELA)
A bomb was placed underneath the car of a Spanish Military
Attache, Lt. Col. Fernando Sagristano, in Rome. The device
severely injured an embassy driver.
Unknown assailants fired upon a passenger train and wounded a
Polish woman, a Thai woman, and two Egyptian citizens in Asyut.
The al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group) claimed responsibility
for the attack.
A bomb explosion aboard a passenger train in Asyut injured six
foreign touristswtwo New Zealanders, two Germans, and two
Australianswand five Egyptian citizens. The Islamic Group (IG)
claimed responsibility for the incident.
Unknown gunmen opened fire at a Nile cruise ship and wounded a
German tourist near the Sohag Governorate. The Islamic Group (IG)
claimed responsibility for the incident.
Unidentified gunmen fired on a European Relief Organization
vehicle and wounded two local guards near Irbil.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) fired mortars at
London's Heathrow International Airport in three separate attacks.
There were no injuries because the fully primed mortars failed to
A grenade detonated on the British Embassy compound, causing
minor damage and no injuries. No arrests or claims of
responsibility were reported.
The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is believed responsible for
bombing the Central Bazaar in Istanbul's historic tourist district.
Four tourists, including two Romanian women, were injured by the
A bomb detonated in the gardens of the Saint Sophia Mosque and
Museum in Istanbul, injuring three tourists: one German, one
Spanish, and one Dutch. The Metropole Revenge Team of the
political wing of the PKK claimed responsibility.
Six assailants fired on a United Nations guard contingency bus
traveling from Irbil to Mosul and seriously wounded two Austrian
Six members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
(FARC) kidnapped US citizen Raymond Rising, Security Chief of
the Summer Linguistic Institution, as he rode his motorcycle from
the Municipal Capital of Puerto Lleras.
The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) claimed responsibility for
bombing the IC Bedesten, the old bazaar at the center of the bazaar
complex, in Istanbul. Two foreign tourists, one Spanish and one
Belgian, were killed, and 17 others were injured.
Assailants fired on a German journalist and her bodyguard while
they were traveling in their car near Suleymaniyah. Both occupants
of the vehicle were killed instantly.
A small bomb exploded inside a bathroom at the Marriott Hotel in
Colombo, causing minor damages and no casualties.
The 17 November terrorist group claimed responsibility for
planting rockets aimed at a British aircraft carrier, the Arc Royal.
The rockets were defused by explosives experts.
Five individuals, including two Iraqi diplomats, were arrested for
assassinating Iraqi opposition figure Shaykh Talib Ali al-Suhayl in
his house near West Beirut.
A car bomb exploded at Jan Smuts Airport in Johannesburg,
injuring 16 persons, including two Russian diplomats and a Swiss
Air pilot. Although no group has claimed responsibility, white
separatists opposed to South Africa's first multiracial election are
Two French priests were shot and killed by two male assailants in
the lower Casbah district of Algiers. In its weekly publication, the
Armed Islamic Group (GIA) claimed responsibility.
A time-detonated rocket was fired at an IBM office in downtown
Athens. The 17 November terrorist group claimed responsibility in
a warning call to a radio station.
At least two unknown assailants shot and killed an Iranian
dissident, Seyeed Ahmad Sadr Lahijani, as he drove his car through
A driver for the Catholic Relief Services was badly beaten by
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels who ambushed the truck he
In the coastal towns of Fethiye and Marmaris, bombs killed one
foreign national and injured 10 others at tourist sites. The PKK
claimed responsibility for the attacks on German television.
Two bombs detonated within minutes of each other at a beach and
park in the resort town of Marmaris, wounding 12 persons,
including four British nationals, one of whom died five days later.
The Revolutionary People's Struggle (ELA/1 May) claimed
responsibility for a bombing outside the offices of the European
Community in downtown Athens. There were no injuries reported.
A senior Turkish diplomat in Athens, Omer Sipahioglu, was killed
by three gunmen as he sat in his car. "November 17vTheofilos
Georgiadis Commandos" claimed responsibility for the attack.
A bomb detonated in a Lindos restaurant on the Island of Rhodes,
seriously injuring an Italian tourist and a Greek citizen.
A car bomb exploded at the Israeli-Argentine Mutual Association
(AMIA), killing nearly 100 persons and wounding more than 200
others. The explosion caused the seven-story building to collapse
and damaged adjacent buildings.
A commuter plane exploded in flight over the Santa Rita
mountains. Among the 21 victims were Israeli nationals, dual
Israeli-Panamanian citizens, three US citizens, and 12 Jewish
Two unknown Palestinians stabbed and seriously injured a US
woman in the Arab quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. The
assailants escaped unharmed.
The Khmer Rouge attacked a train traveling in Kompong Trach and
kidnapped a number of passengers, among them an Australian, a
Briton, and a Frenchman.
A car bomb exploded at the Israeli Embassy in London, injuring 14
persons. Police said the bomb was planted by a woman who was
driving an Audi.
A car bomb detonated outside a building that houses Jewish
organizations in London. Five persons were injured in the attack.
Five French Embassy employees were killed and one injured when
guerrillas from the Armed Islamic Group (AIG) attacked a French
residential compound in Algiers.
The PKK kidnapped two Finnish nationals, stating that they did
not have "entry visas for Kurdistan." The Finns were held for 22
days before being released unharmed.
A bomb detonated in the Topkapi Bus Terminal, killing one
Romanian consular official and wounding seven other people. The
PKK is suspected.
A bomb exploded at a Santiago office building that houses the
American company Fluor Daniel. The Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic
Front (FPMR) claimed responsibility and stated that the incident
was carried out in solidarity with Cuba and against the US
economic blockade of the island.
A Portuguese priest and four nuns were kidnapped by suspected
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)
rebels near Choba.
Seven South Korean engineers and 30 Filipino workers were taken
captive by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).
Twelve terrorists from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of
Colombia (FARC) kidnapped US citizen Thomas Hargrove when
he stopped at a guerrilla roadblock.
Three persons were killed and two were wounded when an assailant
fired on a downtown tourist area in Hurghada. Two Egyptians and
one German were killed in the attack. The Islamic Group claimed
responsibility for the attack.
Two Arabs armed with assault rifles and grenades attacked
pedestrians in Jerusalem. The gunmen killed two persons and
injured 14 others. Two US citizens were among the injured.
HAMAS has claimed responsibility for the incident.
Approximately 30 members of the Armed Islamic Group (AIG)
attacked an oil base, killing a French and an Italian worker.
Assailants shot and killed a British tourist and wounded three
others in an attack on a bus near Luxor. The Islamic Group is
believed responsible for the attack.
The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) claimed responsibility for an
explosion aboard a Philippine airliner. One Japanese citizen was
killed, and at least 10 others were injured.
The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is believed responsible for a
bomb blast outside a store in Istanbul, which injured eight persons,
including four Romanian tourists.
Members of the Armed Islamic Group (AIG) hijacked an Air France
flight in Algeria. The plane arrived in Marseille, France, on 26
December. A French antiterrorist unit stormed the plane, ending the
54-hour siege in which three hostages were killed by the terrorists.
All four terrorists were killed during the rescue.
An American was among 12 persons injured when a HAMAS
supporter carrying a bag of explosives blew himself up at a West
Jerusalem bus stop.
The Armed Islamic Group (AIG) claimed responsibility for the
murders of four Catholic priests. The murders were apparently in
retaliation for the deaths of four GIA hijackers the previous day in